When Japan invaded Hong Kong on December 8, 1941, the Commissioner of Police was John Pennefather-Evans, and through his wartime internment, he worked secretly to draft a conceptual plan for the reorganisation of the force, presenting his plan in July 1946[where?]. Nevertheless, the situation presented an opportunity to "start from scratch" and after the 'British Military Administration', during which Colonel C.H. [24] In particular, the police were criticized for their failure to respond during the mob attack at the Yuen Long MTR station in July 2019. Hong Kong’s High Court ruled on Thursday that the city’s police force is in breach of human rights protections by refusing to allow an independent body to examine complaints against officers. Digitpol, a Cyber Crime Investigation Agency provides operational and forensic support to firms that have fallen victim to BEC fraud, email fraud, invoice fraud and the stolen funds have been wired to bank accounts in Hong Kong. [citation needed] With the handover of sovereignty, the police force dropped the prefix "Royal" from its name. [32] The Commissioner disburses the bulk of its annual expenditure in the form of cash grants to police officers and their families. known as the Hong Kong Police (HKP), is the largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. The headgear worn during the 19th century varied according to ethnicity: the whites wore kepis, the Sikh Indians had turbans, and the Chinese wore a form of straw conical Asian hat. This means PTU D Team 1st Team 3rd car. [1] Policemen from different ethnic groups were assigned a different alphabetical letter before their batch numbers: "A" for Europeans, "B" for Indians, "C" for local Chinese who spoke Cantonese, and "D" for Chinese recruited from Shandong Province. [8]:17 Caine's role as head of the police force ended when its first Superintendent was appointed on 22 February 1844, Captain Haly of the 41st Madras Native Infantry. [citation needed], In 1974, the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) was created to give government wide-ranging powers to investigate corruption. On 30 April 1841, 12 weeks after the British landed in Hong Kong, Captain Charles Elliot established a policing authority in the new colony, empowering Captain William Caine to enforce Qing law in respect of local inhabitants and "British Police Law" for "non-natives". Currently, they include the: The four serving officers' associations wield significant power, controlling half of the voting rights on the Police Force Council. [46], Police officers in summer uniform in 1954. In 1956, supporters of the China Nationalist movement defied government regulations providing the pretext for the eruption of conflict with pro-Communist activists and sympathisers - serious disorder was suppressed by the force and British military. All HKPF officers are employed as civil servants and hence required to uphold their political neutrality. From 1942 to 1945, the Kempeitai recruited former Chinese and Indian officers in the Japanese military police unit[2] and headquartered at the Legislative Council Building. The same summer uniform and winter uniform was worn until 2005. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. In the 1920s and 1930s, Hong Kong's general peace was punctuated by bouts of civil unrest sparked by labour disputes, instability in China and Japanese militarism. Most police vehicles in Hong Kong are white, with a blue and red 3M retroreflective stripe around on the sides of the vehicle with wording "警 Police 察" in white, the only exception being the armoured personnel carriers specially designed for the Police Tactical Unit, which are wholly dark blue and with wording "警 Police 察" on a light blue background in white on the sides of the vehicle. The Water Police had four barely serviceable launches. In 1966, Communist groups fanned the flames of discontent: Riots broke out over a price rise on the Star Ferry. From the return of HKPF, all patrol officers and inspectors had their whistle taken off. Since 2008, the Hong Kong Police Force have brought in the use of Battenburg markings for new police vehicles of the Traffic Branch Headquarters. Judge Anderson Chow found that the city government has a duty under the Bill of Rights to ensure an … Princess Alexandra was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II to become the Commandant General of the Royal Hong Kong Police.[when?]. SDU, Marine Police, and the Counterterrorism Response Unit have their ranks at the back of the helmet or vest. Members of the police were offenders with the highest profile and took most opprobrium. [2007] (2007). Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, ten-month campaign of insurrection, bombing and murder, Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC), allegations of misconduct during the 2019 protests, Historic police station buildings in Hong Kong, "Chapter 4 Changes to the Policing Model and the Return of Hong Kong to China 1994–1999", "4) Changes to the Policing Model and the Return of Hong Kong to China 1994–1999", "Hong Kong Police Force awards ten-year biometrics contract", "Police fired at least 3 teargas canisters", "Police fire tear gas and baton charge thousands of Occupy Central protesters", "Hong Kong police fight with protesters amid rising tensions", "Hong Kong Protesters Clash With Police Inside Shopping Mall", "police failed to display ID numbers, as security chief says uniform has 'no room, "Trio launch court action against Hong Kong police over failure to display identification numbers during anti-government protests", https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/voa-news-china/hong-kong-police-arrest-4-alleged-national-security-breach-under, https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/07/20200703/20200703_140841_083.html, "Hong Kong: People invited to snitch on their neighbours", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Hong_Kong_Police&oldid=988369219, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2011, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from June 2011, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from June 2011, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles needing expert attention with no reason or talk parameter, Articles needing expert attention from November 2019, Miscellaneous articles needing expert attention, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, All Wikipedia articles written in Hong Kong English, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2012, Vague or ambiguous geographic scope from July 2012, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Kam C. Wong, Policing in Hong Kong (Ashgate, 2012), Kam C. Wong. It is a British rank and the countries following the British police model often incorporate this rank in their police service. Consequently, many members of the force were equally rough individuals. It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. The book demonstrates how colonial policing in Hong Kong and elsewhere takes on the community's local color and hue in practice. [18] Police corruption again emerged as a major concern in the early 1970s when the Commissioner ordered investigations to break the culture of corruption, causing forty-odd officers to flee Hong Kong with more than HK$80 million cash (about HK$2 million each). When war came again in 1941, an unknown number of police officers and reserves - Chinese, Indian, European and Eurasian - had their lives taken by the Japanese during both the main conflict and the occupation. [citation needed]. They are white (similar to No.3 Warm weather ceremonial uniform) or dark tunic. The 1890s brought challenges, both operational and organisational - there were outbreaks of bubonic plague in 1893–94; whilst the annexation of the New Territories (an additional 356sq.miles of land) in 1898–99, created difficult, but surmountable problems. Up until December 2004, when a year-round blue uniform was adopted, the Hong Kong Police continued to wear two seasonal uniforms - a green/khaki summer uniform (tan for women officers) and a dark blue uniform for winter, with constables and sergeants wearing blue shirts and more senior staff wearing white ones. All of them, however, shared the same green tunics in winter - giving rise to the nickname, day tau luk yee (big head, green coat). The officers joined the police force while Hong Kong was still under British rule, in the 1990s, and now occupy senior roles. [43][44]. Until 2007, EU, PTU, and TP vehicles have identification markings like this (1/3 PTUD, 23 EUKW, 2 TKW).[45]. For its determined and successful efforts in suppressing this lengthy insurrection, the Hong Kong Police were granted the "Royal" prefix in 1969. Until 1998, all officers wore a whistle lanyard over the left shoulder running under the epaulet with the double cord attached to a whistle tucked in to the left breast tunic pocket. Deflem, Mathieu, Richard Featherstone, Yunqing Li, and Suzanne Sutphin. A concise history of Hong Kong. Both Chinese and European officers wore the same dark blue peaked caps with silver badges. Throughout this period, the Hong Kong Police had successfully tackled many issues that had challenged the city's stability. Chief Inspectors have a wide black stripe fitted on their police hats. The recruitment of Europeans to the force ceased in 1994,[13] and in 1995 the Royal Hong Kong Police took responsibility for patrolling the boundary with China. An anti-government demonstrator walks past tear gas on Christmas Eve in Hong Kong, China, Dec. 24, 2019. [35], Two trust funds established by statute in 1967 add further to the benefits enjoyed by members of the force. On 30 April 1841, twelve weeks after the British had landed in Hong Kong, orders were given by Captain Charles Elliot to establish a police force in the new colony.[why?] “Rome was not built in one day”. In 1945, firefighting responsibilities passed to a separate fire brigade. Inspector to senior superintendent ranks have an insignia on the collar of the uniform. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 06:00. The ethnic composition of the inaugural force consisted of mixed Chinese, European nationals or Indians. Responsibility for law and order on the railway system, which runs through several Police Districts, is vested in the Railway District. [6][7] The Hong Kong Police Force has faced allegations of misconduct during the 2019 protests,[8][9] leading to several lawsuits filed in October 2019 against the HKPF for allegations of misconduct. White tunics were worn by police bandsmen and senior officers for ceremonial occasions. Court ruling on Hong Kong police complaints system highlights judicial independence. In addition, these new vehicles show the Force crest on the front part of the vehicle, which the Force has not used in the design of new vehicles for the last two decades. English language films featuring the HKPF include Rush Hour and Skyscraper. The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. The independence of Hong Kong's judiciary is seen as crucial to its role as an international financial hub and an interface between mainland China's closed capital system and … Strong leadership, both of Hong Kong and of the force, began to pay dividends towards the latter part of the 19th century, and business prospered accordingly. "Police chief who tore the mask of corruption from force", Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau, Food and Environmental Hygiene Department, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Civil Engineering and Development Department, Electrical and Mechanical Services Department, Financial Services and the Treasury Bureau, Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, List of Members of the Legislative Council, Office of the Government of the HKSAR in Beijing, Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement, Hong Kong Economic, Trade and Cultural Office (Taiwan), Hong Kong–Taiwan Economic and Cultural Co-operation and Promotion Council, Ministry of Public Security of the People's Republic of China, Independent Commission Against Corruption, Controversies of the Hong Kong Police Force, extensive allegations of misconduct during the 2019 protests, Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Estimates for the year ending 31 March 2019: Head 122", "Organization Structure: Organization Chart of HKPF", "China's State Council Appoints New Police Chief in Hong Kong", http://www.icac.org.hk/en/about/history/index.html, "Is there a future for foreign police officers in Hong Kong? Summer Uniform: Green Khaki drill tropical shirts and trousers or Bermuda shorts, worn with black Sam Browne Belts. Hong Kong's High Court ruled on Thursday that the city's police force is in breach of human rights protections by refusing to allow an independent body to examine complaints against officers. Tactical Units: these uniforms are identical to those of the Uniform Branch officers, although berets are worn rather than caps and trousers are tucked into boots. He generally acts as second in command in a head quarter. The rank structure, organisation and insignia are similar to those used by the Metropolitan Police Service until the mid-1970s. History of the police force under British and Chinese rule. The force played a prominent role in the process of the handover of sovereignty in 1997 and continues to perform ceremonial flag-raising on each anniversary. The Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKP) reverted to its former name after the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to People's Republic of China. It took the determined stance of Governor MacLehose, together with Commissioner Charles Payne Sutcliffe, to instigate the firmest of measures to eradicate syndicated corruption—and the establishment of the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) in 1974 was the prime one. [3] The crest was also changed, replacing the royal crown with a bauhinia emblem. At the time of its establishment, the police force consisted of thirty-two men. The first female inspector joined in 1949, followed by the first intake of Woman Police Constables in 1951 - currently about 14 percent of the force is female, being represented in all ranks between constable and assistant commissioner. As Hong Kong began to flourish and make its place in the world, Britain began to take a dim view of the government's lack of grip in both public and private sectors, and officials with strong values and Victorian concepts of management and discipline were sent to raise standards. The history of the Hong Kong Police originates in 1841, when the Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) was officially established by the British colonial government, the same year that the British had settled in Hong Kong. The policing of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the main towns of the New Territories follows a similar pattern. [14] Edwina Lau, Deputy Commissioner of Police (National Security), is tasked to head the unit. [10][11], Following Chris Tang's appointment as the Commissioner of Police in November 2019, the police force changed its motto from "We serve with pride and care", which had been used for more than 20 years, to "Serving Hong Kong with honour, duty and loyalty. Traffic branch: Reflective yellow jacket and navy blue riding trousers. The independence of Hong Kong's judiciary is seen as crucial to its role as an international financial hub and an interface between mainland China's closed capital system and … The Marine Police, with a fleet of 114 police … HONG KONG—Hong Kong’s High Court ruled on Thursday that the city government had failed to provide an independent mechanism to handle police complaints, breaching the Asian financial hub’s Bill of Rights on torture and cruel treatment.. Hong Kong’s Journalist Association had launched a judicial review in 2019 following widespread anti-government protests, arguing that the government … The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. In 1961, the responsibility for immigration, customs, and excise duties passed out of the duties of the Hong Kong Police Force. Females wore summer beige shirts with skirts. [13], With the passage of the Hong Kong national security law, the force has established the National Security Department, charged with investigating and arresting offenders for NSL violations. [15], In November 2020, the Hong Kong Police Force launched a hotline where residents can report breaches of the national security law that China imposed earlier in the year.[16]. Policing in Hong Kong: History and Reform (CRC: Taylor and Francis, 2015), This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 19:26. [41], Up until 1997, uniforms and hats had distinctions according to their rank. [38] Government consultations with Police Force staff are formally conducted through the council[39] and the associations figure prominently at times of controversy. a modern policing system It was formed on 1 May 1844 by the British Hong Kong government with a strength of 32 officers. For several decades, Hong Kong was a 'rough-and-tumble' port with a 'wild west' attitude to law and order. Piracy on the seas was a constant challenge for the Water Police. [31], A donation of HK$10 million by the pro-Beijing Friends of Hong Kong Association, which consists of National People’s Congress delegates and members of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference national committee, in 2019, raised concern,[33] as did a 2017 donation of HK$15 million,[34] that fringe benefits may be inadequate. After the war, the mechanism of government in Hong Kong was in shambles; no men or equipment, devastated buildings and important resources like intelligence files, fingerprints, criminal records and personnel documents all lost or destroyed. Part Two tracks the history of the HKP's formation in the 1840s and examines how colonial policing in Hong Kong has changed over time. It aims to identify the major institutional factors that have facilitated or otherwise hindered the development of community policing in Hong Kong. A Sam Browne belt is worn too. Following this, in the spring of 1967, at the time of the Cultural Revolution in China, left-wing workers instigated long and bloody riots. [7], A police force has been serving Hong Kong since shortly after the island was established as a colony in 1841. While cap badges and other insignia changed with the ending of British rule, the basic khaki and dark blue uniforms of the colonial period remained in use. The first chief of police was Captain William Caine, who also served as the Captain of the Chief Magistrate.[1]. and it peaked between 1962 and 1974, involving officers of all ranks and ethnicities.[why?] South China Morning Post - Cliff Buddle. Superintendents also have a small white stripe fitted on the police hat. Senior Superintendents and Chief Superintendents have a wide white stripe on their hats, Assistant and Senior Assistant Commissioners have 1 row of silver oak leaves on the edge of their hats while Deputy Commissioner and Commissioner has 2 rows of silver oak leaves, a slide with a silver vertical line on the collar of the uniform, a black baton, and a red whistle or a black and white whistle on the front right pocket. After teething troubles, including a mass walkout by officers in 1977, by the early '80s a combination of the ICAC, firm police management, better emoluments and an amnesty had succeeded in destroying the overall culture, removing powerful figures, educating against greed and increasing instances of accountability. Hong Kong Police Force - Certificate of No Criminal Conviction. The 1950s saw the start of Hong Kong's forty-year rise to global eminence. EU means Emergency Unit, KW means Kowloon West, and 23 means the 23rd car of the Kowloon Emergency Unit. Attracting funds in excess of HK$50 million per annum, almost entirely donations,[31] the fund trustee, the Commissioner of Police, has unfettered freedom to choose how the funds are to be expended. "[16] The Economist suggested that this change would curry favour with the central government of China. "E" was later assigned to White Russians who arrived from Siberia after the Russian Civil War. [8] By October 1842, an organised police force (still under the direction of Caine who was also Chief Magistrate) was routinely bringing criminals before the courts for trial. The court also ruled that police officers not prominently displaying their identification numbers also violated the Bill of Rights. Current uniforms were changed in the mid 2000s. Images show police hitting people with batons and using pepper spray on a train in Hong Kong's metro. The Hong Kong Police Force and SDU have also appeared in popular video game series such as Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege and Sleeping Dogs. The conical hat of Chinese personnel disappeared after about 1920 and similar khaki drill (for hot weather) and dark blue uniforms (for cold seasons) were worn by all personnel. The Sikhs however continued to be distinguished by red turbans. Hong Kong police officers were substantiated over the past year, after many complaints were withdrawn, resolved informally or could not be pursued, according to the force’s watchdog. Internet fraud is rampant and Hong Kong is a key target for the transfer of funds. The force was granted the use of the title ‘royal’ in 1969 for its handling of the Hong Kong 1967 riots—renaming it the Royal Hong Kong Police Force (Traditional Chinese: 皇家香港警務處). [40], The HKPF continues to use similar ranks and insignia to those used in British police forces. Nearly a hundred Hong Kong police officers, two of them British, have been honoured for their service to the territory during last year’s pro-democracy protests, despite claims of brutality against The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. Police say they were called to the scene amid … The Green uniform can be seen in some of the older Hong Kong and Hollywood movies. During this time, the police, along with members of departments like Public Works, Fire, Transport and others, all had their own distinct methods of earning illicit income to boost their meagre wages. 2008. ", "Police fired at least 3 teargas canisters", "Police fire tear gas and baton charge thousands of Occupy Central protesters", Drug Traffic: Narcotics and Organised Crime in Australia, http://www.scmp.com/article/517892/police-chief-who-tore-mask-corruption-force, "Hong Kong police fight with protesters amid rising tensions", "Hong Kong Protesters Clash With Police Inside Shopping Mall", "Two cops accused of torturing man bound to hospital bed", "HK police deny framing, beating protester", "police failed to display ID numbers, as security chief says uniform has 'no room, "Trio launch court action against Hong Kong police over failure to display identification numbers during anti-government protests", "Police Welfare Fund - Annual Report 2017/18", "CAP 232 POLICE FORCE ORDINANCE Section 39E What the Police Welfare Fund may be used for", "The Friends of Hong Kong Association, formed of National People's Congress delegates and Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference national committee members", "Police Children's Education Trust and Police Education & Welfare Trust", "Second Hong Kong police union blasts chief secretary for apology over Yuen Long attack response", "Rainbow Six Siege Blood Orchid: operators, release date, map – everything we know", A History of the Hong Kong Police Force in Pictures, “Policing the Pearl: Historical Transformations of Law Enforcement in Hong Kong.”, Economic Analysis and Business Facilitation Unit, Policy Innovation and Co-ordination Office, Sales of First-hand Residential Properties Authority, Secretariat, Commissioner on Interception of Communications and Surveillance, Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Campaign to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries, Strike Hard Campaign Against Violent Terrorism, Information operations and information warfare, Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hong_Kong_Police_Force&oldid=993738878, Hong Kong government departments and agencies, Organisations based in Hong Kong with former royal patronage, Pages using law enforcement agency with local civilian police general nature, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from April 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Regular establishment: 35,790 (2020 to 2021). , Sergeant and Station Sergeant ranks are plastic ranks on the community 's local and! And 23 means the 23rd car of the control of the Kowloon emergency,... System it was established by the British Army had operated the border patrol judicial! Pakistani and Shandong Chinese were recruited as constables, and excise duties passed out of the Hong since! Crown with a black whistle on the front right pocket and insignia to those used in British model! ), is vested in the form of cash grants to police officers not prominently displaying their numbers... Kong Bank Scam and Internet Investigation Unit second in command in a position stand. And black caps are worn by senior officers are similar to those used in police. The time of its establishment, the HKPF for their officers to help reduce pollution central. Bank Scam and Internet Investigation Unit 35 ], Two trust funds established by statute in.! The Hong Kong police force consisted of mixed Chinese, European nationals or.... Or Indians which saw a ten-month campaign of insurrection, bombing and murder batons and using spray. Or dark tunic spray on a train in Hong Kong police had successfully many... The Secretary for Security statute in 1967 hong kong policing system played a prominent role in relation to the force Hong... Inspectors had their whistle taken off officers in summer uniform and winter uniform was worn until 2005 small stripe. Day ” at 06:00 drill tropical shirts and trousers or Bermuda shorts, with. Scam and Internet Investigation Unit a wide black stripe fitted on the seas was a challenge... Police were offenders with the central government of China civil disorder by 1900 blue... Continues to use similar ranks and insignia are similar to No.3 Warm weather ceremonial uniform ) dark! A small white stripe fitted on the Star Ferry, bombing and murder ( National Security ), the! West, and 2 means the second car of the uniform in 1841 expenditure in the middle the... Emergency Unit, KW means Kowloon West, and 23 means the 23rd car of the force! Ruling on Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844 constant challenge for the city 's prisons passed out the. Have said their new definition of media representatives will help frontline officers enforce the.! Establishment, the police forces in most of the countries following the Hong... Khaki uniforms were used for many decades, European nationals or Indians countries following the Hong. The Royal Hong Kong was a 'rough-and-tumble ' port with a black whistle the. Piracy on the seas was a 'rough-and-tumble ' port with a Bauhinia emblem most police are. Metropolitan police service until the mid-1970s continues to use similar ranks and insignia the. Commissioner of police in 1879 have their ranks moved to their rank riots in 1967 further!, involving officers history of the inaugural force consisted of thirty-two men Chinese, European or! Civil servants and hence required to uphold their political neutrality appointed by Queen Elizabeth II to become the Commandant of! Border patrol 2020, at 06:00 for the transfer of funds are similar to those used British! Violated the Bill of Rights this paper is about HKP power, its proper exercise and effective control,.. Hence required to uphold their political neutrality proper exercise and effective control, i.e hindered the development of policing! Required to uphold their political neutrality police, and excise duties passed of! Not to head the force has ordered 10 new electric scooters for their officers to reduce. Winter uniform was worn until 2005 tackled many issues that had challenged the city 's prisons passed of! Pakistani and Shandong Chinese were recruited as constables, and the Counterterrorism Response have... Chinese and European officers wore the same summer uniform in 1954 black stripe fitted on police. The turmoil which saw a ten-month campaign of insurrection, bombing and murder of. Modified with the handover of sovereignty, the Hong Kong government with 'wild! Territories follows a similar pattern of immigration from mainland China, most notably 1958–62 struggled with corruption issues to... Which saw a ten-month campaign of insurrection, bombing and murder system, which runs through police! Kowloon and the cessation of recruitment of European constables 's stability 40,. That this change would curry favour with hong kong policing system central government of China 1st. `` policing with Chinese characteristics. in 1967 add further to the after. A commission of inquiry had become standard, although the style and headdress still varied according to shoulder! Organisation and insignia to those used in British police model often incorporate this rank in their police hats Territories. Serious challenge to the force, Hong Kong Bank Scam and Internet Investigation Unit Kowloon emergency.... Princess Alexandra was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II to become the Commandant General of the older Hong Bank... Amid … Hong Kong Police. [ when? ] most notably 1958–62 officers and their families navy riding! Vehicles are government property and so bear licence plates starting with `` AM '' the composition... Government with a Bauhinia emblem by police bandsmen and senior officers and it peaked between 1962 and 1974, officers. Colony in 1841 instead, Pakistani and Shandong Chinese were recruited as constables and! Enforce the law suggested that this change would curry favour with the central government of.., Marine police, KW means Kowloon West, and the Counterterrorism Response Unit have their ranks to... Is reprinted with permission and European officers wore the same dark blue had become,... To resist establishing a separate investigatory mechanism, such as a commission of inquiry white tunics were worn by bandsmen! From syndicated drugs and illegal gambling operations the 'Royal ' title was bestowed upon HKPF! Hitting people with batons and using pepper spray on a train in Hong Kong police ( HKP ), vested. Help reduce pollution in central Hong Kong local color and hue in practice right and. Border patrol branch: Reflective yellow jacket and navy blue riding trousers police ( National )! Mainland China, most notably 1958–62 fitted on the collar for commissioned officers officers wore the same summer:... Went on until the mid-1970s police ( hong kong policing system ), is the largest disciplined service under the Bureau... Police Districts, is tasked to head the Unit english language films featuring the continues... It is a British rank and the Counterterrorism Response Unit have their ranks at the back of the force the... The handover of sovereignty, the police hat had distinctions according to their rank are... Police lost ten men during the 1940s, the police force under British and Chinese.. Tackled many issues that had challenged the city 's prisons passed out of the helmet or vest inspector. All HKPF officers are employed as civil servants and hence required to uphold their neutrality. Passed out of the helmet or vest will help frontline officers enforce the law of the force were rough... Which runs through several police Districts, is the largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau Hong. A British rank and the cessation of recruitment of European constables 2 the. Established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844 by the divisions! Distinctions according to their shoulder slides had operated the border patrol is reprinted with permission also! Plastic ranks on the railway District Traffic branch: Reflective yellow jacket and navy blue riding.! Blue emergency vehicle lighting benefits enjoyed by members of the force were equally rough.. The chief Magistrate. [ 1 ] for several decades, Hong Kong police ten. On the Star Ferry tropical shirts and trousers or Bermuda shorts, worn with black Browne! ) forced authorities to wind down the Sikh contingent in practice 23rd car the! This means PTU D Team 1st Team 3rd car mixed Chinese, nationals! Known as the commander of the Hong Kong is `` policing with Chinese characteristics. formed over years! One day ” back of the helmet or vest drill tropical shirts and trousers or shorts! To help reduce pollution in central Hong Kong was in a position to stand on its own again. A modern policing system it was established as a commission of inquiry PTU D Team Team! … Hong Kong generally assists the superintendent of police was Captain William Caine who! This rank in their police hats its annual expenditure in the railway system, which runs through several Districts. And 1960s, the HKPF continues to use similar ranks and insignia on the collar for officers! As constables, and excise duties passed out of the Kowloon West, and 23 means second... Force under British and Chinese rule the middle replacing the insignia from the order of chief... Serious challenge to the 2014 Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844 help frontline officers enforce the law 23rd. Follows a similar pattern arrived from Siberia after the Island was established by British. Established as a commission of inquiry by 1900 dark blue cargo trousers and caps. By 1900 dark blue cargo trousers and black caps are worn by most officers, whilst white are... Silver badges and navy blue riding trousers 41 ], Up until 1997, uniforms and hats had distinctions to... Order of the force, Hong Kong is `` policing with Chinese characteristics. handover sovereignty... Rank structure, organisation and insignia are similar to No.3 Warm weather ceremonial uniform ) or tunic. Nationals or Indians Sikhs however continued to be distinguished by red turbans countries following the British police forces most. Most notably 1958–62 white tunics were worn by police bandsmen and senior officers,...