The science attempts to accurately describe the details, origins, and uses of religious beliefs and behaviours. The extraordinary range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed up regarding the classic distinction between the natural-scientific and human-scientific approaches. Reporters/editors/producers note: The following feature was produced by the American Psychological Association. Evaluation of each theory—Relates the psychological understanding of religion to the classical psychological theories and the various schools or traditions in psychological thought (psychoanalytic, Jungian, humanistic, existentialist). This text surveys major theorists in the psychology of religion--S. Freud, C.G. Some of the major humanist theorists included Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. Dan Merkur in his “Psychology of Religion” in The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion (ed. Psychological Theories Of Religion Psychological Theories Of Religion by James Forsyth. Here you will find an overview of some of the classic views: William James, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, and Alfred Adler.A recent addition to this page is a synopsis of Erik Erikson's work. The Psychology of Religion. The individual aspect is usually referred to as beliefs of the individual 1Department of Economics, LSE. The problem in the past with psychology is its narrowness in defining religion, as well as its overthrowing of the “religious horizon of psychological theory” by Watson (Fuller, p. 228). The present study explored whether people who endorse anthropomorphic God concepts hold different religious beliefs and engage in different religious practices than those who endorse abstract concepts. Jung, W. James, E. Fromm, G. Allport, A. Maslow, and V. Frankl--who represent classical theories in this field. The Social Psychology of Religion, Prejudice and Intergroup Processes Seven questions for religious prejudice expert Wade Rowatt, PhD Cite this. Like other psychologists mentioned in the introduction of this chapter, Oser's main goal was to affirm the existence of a non-reducible, primordial, and natural religious domain against the postulates of an anti-religious psychology. Revised and updated in this third edition, Nine Theories of Religion considers how these fundamental questions have engaged the most important thinkers of the modern era. Psychology Definition of PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION: The father of experimental psychology, Wilhelm Wundt was a pioneer in this field. The psychology of religion tries to study religion so far as it can be explained psychologically. He elaborated one of the more up-to-date stage theories of religious development. Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. Email: g.levy1@lse.ac.uk; r.razin@lse.ac.uk. The psychology of religion consists of the systematic study and interpretation of religion using the methods and theories of contemporary Western psychology. Those who study religion from the psychological perspective are interested in three primary areas that may be broadly characterized as past, present, and future. Some have said people seek religion to cope with a fear of death, others call it the basis for morality, and various other theories abound.. Jung, William James, Erich Fromm, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, and Viktor Frankl. The purpose of this book is to provide the student of religion with an introduction to the psychology of religion by reviewing seven psychological theories of religion: those of Sigmund Freud, C.G. Humanistic Theories . It is the study, through empirical and academic means, of the spiritual Humanistic psychology theories began to grow in popularity during the 1950s. (Cluster 2) STH TY 806: Theories … This book surveys the major theorists in the psychology of religion--Sigmund Freud, C.G. This new introductory text sets out in plain language the basic elements of seven major theories of the psychology of religion. The authors synthesize classic and contemporary empirical research on numerous different religious groups. I want to know about the importance of personality theories in medicine & health sciences. Many psychological theorists have had interesting perspectives on religion. Jung, William James, Erich Fromm, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow and Viktor Frankl--who are all seminal thinkers and represent the classical theories in this field. Participants in the seminar will discuss classical psychological theories of religion and contemporary research based on these theories. This text surveys major theorists in the psychology of religion--S. Freud, C.G. You may reprint it in its entirety or in part. Based on the works of Freud, Jung and James we shall study the contemporary contributions of authors such as … A fundamental feature of any theory of religion is, or should be, an explanation of the link between the two most observed aspects of religion, the individual aspect and the social aspect. The purpose of this book is to provide the student of religion with an introduction to the psychology of religion by reviewing seven psychological theories of religion: those of Sigmund Freud, C.G. His general position on religion is found in The Future of An Illusion (1928) and Moses and Monotheism (1939). Religious beliefs reflect our unique cognitive ability to detect agency and intention in others and, by extension, in the natural world. STH TY 803: The Psychology of Religion Examining methodological questions and issues in the psychological interpretation of religious matters by considering what is meant by 'religion' and what is involved in interpreting 'religion' psychologically. Dennis yaw boateng sarpong on December 06, 2011: Psychology helps us 2 describe the behaviour of people and also helps us 2 mingle with different kinds of people. Adults of various religious affiliations (n = 275) completed … Jung, William James, Erich Fromm, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, and Viktor Frankl. Serves students with a series of leading questions as a basis for their own critical reflection and judgment. Question: "What is the psychology of religion?" Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to religious traditions, as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. Psychoanalysts and research psychologists approach the psychology of religion in very different ways. Psychological theories of the origin of religion take their departure from the work of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). The psychology of religion is a rapidly developing field, and no single unifying theory explains individual and group religious experience. Durkheim's theory of religion exemplifies how functionalists examine sociological phenomena. James Forsyth has produced a compelling survey of seminal psychological theorists, including Freud, Jung, James, Fromm, Allport, Maslow, and Frankl, to explain to students how theories of religion emerge from both theory and life experience. This approach tends to focus more on the subconscious motives why people have beliefs that are irrational, and they are popularly known as scientific approach to religious studies. Known for his scholarly work and his scientific analyses of religion’s role in mental health, he served as editor-in-chief of the “APA Handbook of Psychology, Religion and Spirituality” published in January 2013. According to Durkheim, people see religion as contributing to the health and continuation of society in general. While operationalized and capable of adequate measurement, relationships between various stages of development and religious variables are confounded by complex evaluations unlikely to be empirically resolved. Serves students with a series of leading questions as a basis for their own critical reflection and judgment. Unique to the psychology of religion are theories of faith development. John T Hinnels) notes that some devotees of religion are not terribly pleased about such attempts as it seems to reduce religion to psychology. Representations of God in art, literature, and discourse range from the highly anthropomorphic to the highly abstract. PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENT A SEVENTH-DAY ADVENnST PERSPECnVE by Victor A Komiejczuk River Plate Adventist University Villa Libertador San Martin Entre Rios, Argentina Prepared for the International Faith and Learning Seminar held at Union College, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A. June 1993 131-93 Institute for Christian Teaching Thus, religion functions to bind society's members by prompting them to affirm their common values and beliefs on a regular basis. Evaluation of each theory—Relates the psychological understanding of religion to the classical psychological theories and the various schools or traditions in psychological thought (psychoanalytic, Jungian, humanistic, existentialist). (Others will be added to this list as time permits.) Each of these theorists presents a comprehensive theory of religion which attempts to give an account of the psychological origin and/or value of religion. Scholarly and comprehensive yet accessible, this state-of-the-science work is widely regarded as the definitive graduate-level psychology of religion text. 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