Located five minutes outside of Peterborough, Ontario. It has the biggest leaves of any maple; the classic five-lobed, palm-shape leaves can be over 12 inches wide. The causal factors are Verticillium albo-atrum or Verticillium dahliae, which are fungi found in the soil.This is a common and serious problem that can even kill established trees. While it can make a good large shade tree in the right circumstances, this is not a tree that is very tolerant of urban conditions. It also features beautiful, vibrant colours in most seasons. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. Nearly all maple trees are deciduous and are generally a fairly hardy long lived tree. It is a very aromatic tree with sticky sap. These Canadian maples will thrive in full-sun to partial-shade sun exposure and love all sorts of soil to grow in. Tall, spreading tree; dark green leaves are very large with five lobes, and turn golden yellow in the fall; yellowish flowers grow in drooping clusters; maple keys are hairy with wings usually angled at about 45°. Regionally, this species may be known as the rock maple or hard maple. Sugar Maple is one of Toronto’s best-loved trees. Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. is dispersed by wind. Farrar, J. L., Trees in Canada (1995). The red spring buds turn into red seed structure (samaras) hanging from reddish twigs. Blue beech. Medium sized, short-trunked, spreading tree up to 35 m high; leaves light green above, silvery-white below, and deeply lobed. Maples are well known to Indigenous peoples in Canada, and are named in many Indigenous languages. The Sugar Maple leaf is on the bottom. Note that the Norway Maple leaf has more points than the Sugar Maple leaf. Some trees grow burls and The Asian long-horned beetle has a diverse diet that, ominously, includes maple. The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. Common in hardwood forests in deep, well-drained soils, from Ontario to Maritimes and south in the US to Georgia and Kansas. Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. Maple trees are used widely in landscape works as well as in the home garden. Maple species are also widely grown as ornamental trees on city streets and in yards across Canada, contributing aesthetic beauty, shade, erosion The Plant List Search this online database for information about one million plant species from around the world. Leaves of the tree may change colors during the year. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. The flowers, pollinated by wind or by insects, are clustered, whitish to light yellow-green, or sometimes red in colour, depending on the species. Maples grow There is nothing more Canadian than a Sugar Maple tree, as its leaf is proudly displayed in the centre of our country’s flag. On the west coast, however, the bigleaf maple, equally vibrant, turns bright golden yellow. Eagleson and R. Hasner, The Maple Syrup Book (2006). same point at the base of the leaf. Because the tree is so fast growing, the wood is brittle and branches break off without warning, according to “The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees of the World,” by Tony Russel, Catherine Cutler and Martin Walters. This large tree is an excellent shade tree for large landscapes and parks. wings are angled at about 45°. The leaf of the maple tree is a key part of Canada’s flag. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. Types of Acer Maple Trees. Maples are not only important to Canada symbolically, they are also ecologically and economically significant. Medium-sized, dense-crowned tree; leaves have three lobes and are long-stalked, the blades are hairy beneath, and turn orange or yellow-brown in the fall; yellowish-green flowers grow in hanging clusters; maple key wings are only slightly angled. The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. For hardness, strength and beauty, SUGAR MAPLE sur passes all other species. This plant is sensitive to both heat and cold. (Also naturalized in southern British Columbia and elsewhere in Canada, as well as Europe.). They turn yellowish or brown in the fall; flowers are densely clustered; maple keys are very large, with wings up to 5 cm The information contained here has been taken from “Trees in Canada” (Canadian Forest Service/NRCAN) and “Native Trees of Canada” by Tom Farrar. Rather than the palmate lobes found on the classic maple, this species has lobeless elongated leaves with pointed tips and corrugated texture. The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. Maples are important food sources for wildlife; the flower nectar and pollen is sought by bees, flies and other insects. Cherry birch. Learn more about native trees for the London area. It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus, growing either as a spreading multi-stem shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown. 'Crimson King' is one of the most popular varieties; it features very attractive maroon leaves throughout the growing season, but the fall color is unremarkable, turning a grayish color. This is collected in sap pails hung on the trees. Elm trees belong to the Ulmaceae family, particularly in the genus called Ulmus.This genus consists of 35 different species ranging from ornamental shade trees to forest trees. Believed to be over 500 years old, the remarkable Comfort Maple reaches a spectacular 80 ft (24.5 m) in height. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. Small, shrub-like tree with distinctive vertically striped bark; leaves are broad and soft with three shallow lobes, and turn golden yellow in the fall; light yellow flowers grow in drooping clusters, with male and female flowers on different trees; Fall leaf color is red, with yellows sometimes also appearing. Eastern Woodlands were the first to develop maple sugaring technologies; when Europeans arrived, the First Nations sold large quantities of maple sugar to the fur trading posts. These native trees are the best choice for tree planting in our area. Anishinaabe, Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet), Mi’kmaq, Nutrition, Botany and Use,” in Food and Nutrition in History and Anthropology, ed. Maples are trees and shrubs in the genus Acer, previously classified within the maple family Aceraceae, but now placed by some taxonomists in Sapindaceae (Soapberry family), which also includes horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastaneum). Acer negundo (Manitoba maple or box-elder). The silver maple is one of the trees you are most likely to see throughout the U.S., since it naturalizes very easily and grows very quickly. Male The hard, fine-grained wood of the larger Canadian maples is widely used for manufacturing furniture, flooring, and interior woodwork, as well as for bowls, toys, musical instruments, plywood and veneer. Vine maple leaves have seven to nine lobes and turn bright red or yellow in the fall. Large branching, straight-trunked tree; leaves have five pointed lobes, and turn brilliant red in the fall; flowers are tiny, bell-shaped, and long-stalked; clustered maple keys have U-shaped wings that grow slightly apart. It is regarded as the oldest maple in Canada. control and surface water management. O'Hagan Trees sells a variety of trees including Maples, Oaks, Birches, Fruit Trees and More! The fruits (known as samaras or maple keys) are produced in winged pairs (rarely in threes). Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. The fall colours are due to the production of pigments called anthocyanins (responsible for the red colours) and/or the presence of carotenoids (orange and yellow) in the leaves after the green chlorophyll breaks down. Red Maple Tree Varieties. We also have a gene bank of rare Ontario trees (Rare Woody Plants of Ontario). This maple is the first choice for those seeking to make maple syrup, as the sap contains a larger percentage of plant sugars than with any other maple species. Boxelder has the largest range of all North American maples. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. It’s sturdy and doesn’t have an aggressive root system. Balsam Fir. The fibrous inner bark Forest understory, hillsides and stream edges; Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland, south to northeastern US. Known either as Norway maple or European maple, this popular species was brought to North America from Europe in the 18th century. and female flowers are separate, within the same cluster, in separate clusters, or on separate trees, again depending on the species. The giant Comfort Maple of Ontario is one such specimen that serves as a regular tourist draw. Generally Maple trees prefer a humus rich moist but well drained soil. The dark-green leaves are quite large, with five lobes, but there is no fall color to speak of—the foliage remains green or may turn a yellowish-brown. Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. Douglas maple leaves have three to five lobes and their maple keys are paired in a V-shape. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has several main veins, all extending from the Fungi and algae are excluded. All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. Climate change, resulting in warmer, drier weather overall, is perhaps the greatest threat to Canadian maples. Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; leaves have seven to nine lobes, and turn bright red or golden in the fall; white flowers grow in small clusters; maple key wings are wide apart. The Sugar Maple is a very popular choice for Southwestern Ontario because it is tolerant to a variety of soils. Maple trees come in a wide range of types or forms from smaller growing dwarf species to large trees. As far as can be determined, the tree is both one of … While all maple tree sap contains sugar, the sap of the sugar maple has the highest concentration. This is another shallow-rooted tree that should be kept away from areas with pipes or paving. This means that we have trees, shrubs and vines here that have been grown from seed collected in wild sites in Ontario. Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. Common Pests of Trees in Ontario is a revised edition of Common Pests of Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, first printed in l975. produce wood with contorted grain patterns – known as “bird’s eye maple” – that is in demand by woodworkers. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Bur oak. The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. This is … The Arboretum is also in charge of the Ontario Tree Atlas Projectwhic… Comfort Maple is a 500-year-old sugar maple tree in Ontario, Canada. Although there are about 150 known species of maples, only seven. in a range of habitats and at varying altitudes but prefer deep, moist, fertile soils. They can live to be extremely old, with some trees in Ontario being dated at over 1000 years old. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage more closely resembles that of the hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). Innu, and Algonquin as well as various American groups. Each encloses a seed and In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. Eastern hemlock. It is usually grown as a small upright tree but can also be grown as a shrub if left unpruned. maple key wings are angled at about 145°. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. Maples are famous for their brilliant fall colours. As well as providing sap for sugar and syrup, some maples have edible inner bark that was formerly eaten fresh or dried, or powdered and used as a thickener in soups or as in ingredient in breads. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. They can be messy and invasive, so look for cultivated varieties. Here are 13 excellent maple tree species for your landscape. Of the 125 Acer species found worldwide, over two-thirds grow in China; 10 are native to Canada, and others are grown as ornamentals, with some (such as Norway maple, A. platanoides), becoming naturalized in parts of Canada. Maple Wilt. We are studying elms to try to develop trees that are resistant to Dutch Elm Disease and yet are genetically diverse (Elm Recovery Project). Other varieties usually feature yellow hues in fall. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Harriet V. Kuhnlein and Nancy J. Turner, “Traditional Plant Foods of Canadian Indigenous Peoples. It is a fast-growing but short-lived maple, and in favorable conditions, it may grow as much as 80 feet in height. Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. Boxelder or Acer negundo - The most common maple sp. While it is a good idea to keep most landscape trees properly watered throughout the growing season, a maple will produce its best fall color if watering is withheld in the last weeks of summer and early fall. Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. Cucumber tree. The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. Leaf margins are classified by the type of edging that may be lobed, smooth, or toothed. Golden full moon maple Acer japonicum 'Aureum' 3m tall: zone 6: Rounded yellow leaves add a bright contrast to the garden. The Japanese maple is a staple in many Japanese gardens, as well as in the world of bonsai. Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; leaves have three to five lobes, and turn yellow to red in the fall; yellowish green flowers grow in small clusters; maple key wings are paired in a V-shape. J.L. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. For many types of leaves, their overall shape and pattern are greatly defined by their margins. Native Trees of Southwestern Ontario including pictures of white birch, blue beech, bitternut hickory, pignut hickory, big shellbark hickory, shagbark hickory, chestnut, hackberry, redbud and … Once established, it will have some drought resistance. Maple trees are deciduous trees, which belong to the Aceraceae family, and have about 128 different species. Leaves turn yellow in the fall. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. We would like to provide you with information on these ten native maples that grow from Newfoundland & Labrador westwards to the Pacific coast. In spring, the maple leaf-buds start to expand, often at the same time as the tree’s blooming flowers. Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. Beetle, have caused significant damage to maples. From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in the UK and the Missouri Botanical Garden in the US. Tree Species List: The tree and shrub species listed below have been chosen because they are appropriate for the habitats surrounding the woodland at Westminster Ponds. Maples have also been used medicinally to treat various ailments, from coughs and tuberculosis to dysentery. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Manitoba maple: Northern hackberry: Ohio buckeye: Pawpaw: Peachleaf willow: Pin cherry: Pin oak: Pitch pine: Red maple: Red mulberry: Red oak: Red pine: Red spruce: Sassafras: Serviceberries: Shagbark hickory: Showy mountain-ash: Shumard oak: Silver maple: Striped maple: Sugar maple: Swamp white oak: Sycamore: Tamarack: Trembling aspen: Tulip tree: White ash: White birch: White oak: White spruce Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. Moist soils, from southern Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario south to Florida and New Mexico. ginnala. A variety of habitats from swamps to dry woods, widely ranging over eastern North America. This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. Medium-sized tree; leaves grow up to 15 cm long, with three to five sharply-toothed lobes, and turn brilliant red in the fall; twigs, buds, flowers are bright red; maple key wings are angled at about 60°. S. 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